IBX5980432E7F390 The way the Indonesian people who do not know the writing to pass on his past - The Art of Information

The way the Indonesian people who do not know the writing to pass on his past

The way the Indonesian people who do not know the writing to pass on his past

    We realize that the people of Indonesia today is a continuation of the ancestors of our ancestors into our ancestors and has inherited its culture to the people of today. They in the past lived in groups, gotong royong, and the pattern of leadership that is democratic and rational, namely primus inter pares. The pattern of people's life at that time can grow to the present. The way the Indonesian people who do not know the writing to pass on his past

a. Through the family
The way the Indonesian people who do not know the writing to pass on his pastThe family is the smallest social sphere, but the strongest in the life of togetherness. Values and
order of life are nurtured and kept alive continuously through the family, starting how to make tools of culture, language, even elements of ceremonies that are then preserved for generations.

b. Through the community
    Society is a collection of people who live in a place for long periods of time and produce culture. Thus, society can be distinguished by the culture that exists and develops within it. A prehistoric society bequeaths his past through cultural objects, whether made of stone, bone, or metal.

  In addition, they also leave traces of paintings on the walls of caves, kitchen waste, and cave dwellings. In addition to tangible relics (concrete), prejudgers also abandoned the intangible culture of things (abstract). The forms of heritage can be religious systems (beliefs) and customs (language, art, custom ceremonies, etc.).
The culture is extinct, but some are still maintained by the masyararat. For example, giving offerings to places that are considered sacred, folk entertainment, marriage procedures, death, and calculation of good days.

Here are the methods of the past inheritance done by prejudice society through family and society

a. Folklore
    Folklore is a traditional custom and folklore passed down from generation to generation, but not yet recorded. There is also a meaning of folklore is a story whose characters are animals, living things outside humans, or abstract personification that takes the performances of humanity and speak and act like humans. Folklore is distinguished by oral folklore and nonlisan folklore. Oral Folklore is a folklore that is disseminated and inherited in oral form, such as language, puzzles, and folk poetry. Folklore nonlisan is folklore in the form of ancient objects of culture, for example, folk architecture, handicrafts, clothing, traditional jewelry, and traditional medicine.

b. Mythology
    Mythology is a folklore that is considered to be really happening and related to the occurrence of places, universes, gods, customs, and the concept of fairy tales. So, mythology is the story of the origin of the universe, man, or nation that is expressed in supernatural ways and contains deep meaning.
     Every tribe in the archipelago has mythology, whose story is related to the life of the people in an area, for example, the story of the mado-mado or clan in Nias (North Sumatra), the barong story in Bali, the story of the Mahameru volcano in India by the gods to Mount Semeru which is considered sacred by the Javanese and Balinese. The most widespread mythology story in almost all of Southeast Asia is the mythology of Dewi Padi or Dewi Sri.

c. Legend
     Legend is a folk tale that is supposed to be true whose story is linked to a historical figure, has been peppered with miracles, supernatural powers, and special features. Legend there are four groups as follows.

1) Religious legends
   In many religious legends we encounter stories of Islamic apostolate guardians, for example, Sunan Kalijaga and Sheikh Siti Jenar in Java, while in Bali we can find legends about the story of Queen Candle Charcoal.

2) The legend of occultation 
   This legend revolves around the belief of the people in the occult, such as the Bunian magical empire in the jungle of Sumatra, the magical kingdom of Pajajaran in West Java, the occult empire of the South Sea Kidul in Central Java and Yogyakarta, and Si Manis Jembatan Ancol from Jakarta.

3) Individual legend 
    Individual legend tells of certain characters considered to have existed and happened, such as Sabai nan Aluih and Si Bitter Tongue from Sumatra, Si Pitung and Nyai Dasima from Jakarta, Lutung Kasarung from West Java, Rara Mendut and Jaka Tingkir from Central Java, Suramenggolo from East Java, and Jayaprana and Layonsari from Bali.

4) Local legend 
    Local legend is a legend associated with the name of the occurrence of mountains, hills, lakes, and so forth. For example, the legend of Lake Toba in Sumatra, Sangkuriang (legend of Mount Tangkuban Parahu) in West Java, Rara Jonggrang in Yogyakarta and Central Java, Ajisaka in Central Java, and Trunyan Village in Bali.

d. Tales
   Fairy tale is a folklore that does not really happen, told because it contains advice, goodness overcome evil, moral teachings, and other wise advice. There is a fairy tale animal (fable) in Bali which is famous for the name of Tantri and in Java there is the character of Kancil. Human tale for example Jaka Tarub who steals angel clothes from East Java, Pasir Kumang fairy tales from West Java, fairy tale King Pala from Bali, tales Meraksamana from Papua, Ande-Ande Lumut tales and Brambang Bawang from Central Java, and fairy tale Bawang Merah and Bawang White from Jakarta. Funny tales, for example, Si Kabayan from West Java, Gasin Meuseukin from Aceh, and Lion Rewa from Central Kalimantan.

e. Ceremony
    The ceremony is a set of actions or deeds that are bound to certain rules based on customs, religion, and beliefs. The type of ceremony in the life of the community, among others, the funerary ceremony, the marriage ceremony, and the inauguration ceremony of the chief. 

1) The burial ceremony 
   The burial ceremony is the first known ceremony in human life before the writing. The burial ceremony raises the belief that the spirit of the dead will go to a place not far from the environment where he lived during his lifetime. At times the spirit can be called upon to help the people in case of danger or difficulty.

2) The marriage ceremony 
    The marriage ceremony took place in the community since the beginning until now. Marriage as well as bring together and initiate the relationship of two friendly families. Each region has different customs, such as in the Minangkabau region adhering to matrilineal lineage (maternal line), whereas Batak, Balinese, Javanese adheres to patrilineal line (male lineage).

3) The inauguration ceremony of the head of the tribe 
   The position of the chief of the tribe in the past is great because he must have strong powers, expertise, experience, and influence because the tribal chief is the protector of his tribe groups from various threats. Chiefs are even considered experts in ceremonial worship, house placement ceremonies, opening ceremonies, and other traditional ceremonies.

f. Regional songs
   Regional songs or folk songs are poems that are developed with an intriguing rhythm in oral form. Folk songs are known as folksong. Folk songs for children, for example, in Central Java and East Java are CublakCublak Suweng, Ilir-Ilir, and Jamuran; in West Java is Cangkeling Cing; in West Kalimantan is the Cik-Cik Periok song; in Bali is known as Meyong-Meyong song. Common folk songs, for example, Butet songs from Batak are sung with a sad tone, the song Tanage Tenang from Manggarai, Flores, with the nuances of contemplation, and the song Kampuang nan Far in Mato from the West Sumatra region. There are also religious songs combined with dances in Aceh, namely Saman and Seudati, and in Nias there is a song Hoho.

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